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Today, the LHC is getting a taste of something unusual. For eight hours, the Large Hadron Collider is accelerating and colliding xenon nuclei, allowing the large LHC experiments, ATLAS, ALICE, CMS and LHCb, to record xenon collisions for the first time.
Xenon is a noble gas, present in miniscule quantities in the atmosphere. Its atoms consist of 54 protons and between 70 and 80 neutrons, depending on the isotope. The xenon collisions in the LHC (of atoms with 54 protons and 75 neutrons) are therefore similar to the heavy-ion collisions that are regularly carried out at the LHC. Normally, lead nuclei, which have a much greater mass, are used. "But a run with xenon nuclei was planned for the NA61/SHINE fixed-target experiment at the SPS (Super Proton Synchrotron)," explains Reyes Alemany Fernandez, who is in charge of heavy-ion runs. "We are therefore taking the opportunity for a short run with xenon at the LHC."
Opportunity - LHC - Capabilities - Type - Beam
"It's a unique opportunity both to explore the LHC's capabilities with a new type of beam and to obtain new physics results," says John Jowett, the physicist in charge of heavy-ion beams at the LHC.
And who knows? Maybe this unprecedented run will lead to some surprising discoveries. "The experiments will conduct the same kind of analyses with xenon ions as they do with lead ions, but, because the xenon nuclei have less mass, the geometry of the collision is different," explains Jamie Boyd, LHC programme coordinator, who is responsible for liaison between the LHC machine and...
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