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Independence referendums seem to be in vogue lately.
The recent wave began in September with the independence referendum in Kurdistan, a semi-autonomous region in northern Iraq, in which Kurds voted overwhelmingly for statehood.
Iraq - Government - Landmark - Vote - Tensions
Iraq's government rejected the landmark vote, and tensions continue to rise between the Kurds and officials in Baghdad.
Then came the fiery independence vote in Catalonia on October 1, the validity of which Spain's central government has also rejected. More than 90% of Catalans voted "yes" for independence.
President - Carlos - Puigdemont - Region - Right
Catalonian president Carlos Puigdemont said the region won the right to be independent, but on Tuesday proposed suspending the secession process in order to have a dialogue with the Spanish government, since such a move would have significant economic and political consequences.
The Catalan vote reportedly inspired leaders of a secessionist movement in Brazil called, "The South Is My Country," to hold an informal vote on independence of their own.
Day - Catalan - Vote - Security - Forces
On the same day as the Catalan vote, Cameroonian security forces killed 17 protestors during a demonstration held by advocates for a separation of Cameroon's southern English-speaking population from its northern French-speaking neighbors.
Similar independence movements are also bubbling up in Nigeria, Scotland, and Ontario, to name a few.
Tide - Independence - Movements - World - Month
The seemingly contagious tide of independence movements around the world over the last month has many researchers and political analysts questioning whether calls for independence in one place can cause similar movements in other areas.
Is secessionism contagious?
Scholars - Contagion - Theory - Secessionist - Jason
Scholars have repeatedly investigated the "contagion theory," secessionist expert Jason Sorens of Dartmouth University told Business Insider.
"There is some evidence that secessionism in one part of a country tends to spread to other parts...
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