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While hurricane Irma has battered Florida and caused flooding in coastal regions, experts say flooding is set to become even more frequent on the East coast in the future.
According to a new study, the states of Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina are most at risk.
States - Regions - Millimeters - Year - Activities
In these states, coastal regions are being immersed by up to three millimeters per year - and some of this is due to human activities such as groundwater extraction.
The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, was conducted by researchers at the Universities of Bonn, South Florida and Rhode Island.
Cities - Miami - East - Coast
Cities such as Miami on the East Coast are being affected by flooding much more frequently.
But the causes are often not hurricanes with devastating rainfall such as Katrina, or the recent hurricanes Harvey and Irma.
Sunny - Days - Damage - Houses - Roads
Flooding can even happen on sunny, relatively calm days - it causes damage to houses and roads and disrupts traffic, yet does not cost any people their lives, so it's called 'nuisance flooding.'
According to the researchers, this type of nuisance flooding is set to occur much more frequently in the future.
Study - Team - Researchers - Data - East
To conduct the study, the international team of researchers evaluated data from the East Coast of America, including GPS and satellite measurements.
These show that large parts of the coastal region are slowly but steadily sinking into the Atlantic Ocean.
Reasons - Phenomenon - Dr - Makan - A
'There are primarily two reasons for this phenomenon,' said Dr Makan A. Karegar from the University of South Florida, currently a guest researcher at the Institute of Geodesy and Geoinformation at the University of Bonn.
'During the last ice age around 20,000 years ago, large parts of Canada were covered by an ice sheet.
Mass - Continent
'This tremendous mass pressed down on the continent.'
Some areas of the earth's mantle were pressed sideways under the ice, causing the...
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