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Taking a common vitamin supplement could significantly reduce the number of miscarriages and birth defects worldwide, scientists reveal.
Vitamin B3, known as niacin, helps to correct a nutrient deficiency that can stop babies' organs developing correctly, a study found in what is described as a major breakthrough in pregnancy research.
Study - Author - Professor - Sally - Dunwoodie
Study author Professor Sally Dunwoodie from the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute in New South Wales, Australia, said: 'Now, after 12 years of research, our team has also discovered that this deficiency can be cured and miscarriages and birth defects prevented by taking a common vitamin.
'This has the potential to significantly reduce the number of miscarriages and birth defects around the world, and I do not use those words lightly.'
Cent - Pregnancies - Miscarriage
Around 10-to-20 per cent of pregnancies result in miscarriage globally.
'After the dietary change, all offspring were born healthy'
Researchers - Families - Miscarriages - Birth - Defects
The researchers genetically sequenced families suffering from miscarriages and birth defects.
They discovered certain genetic mutations affect the production of the molecule nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), which is made from vitamin B3.
Researchers - Vitamin - B3 - Meat - Vegetables
The researchers then gave vitamin B3, which is found in meat and vegetables, to mice embryos with similar NAD deficiencies as those seen in some humans.
'Before vitamin B3 was introduced into the [mice] mother's diet, embryos were either lost through miscarriage or the offspring were born with...
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