Global appetite for beef, soy fuels Amazon fires

phys.org | 8/23/2019 | Staff
cindy95240 (Posted by) Level 3
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Two of the industries involved in the infernos consuming the Amazon rainforest and drawing the attention of global powers gathered at the G7 meeting in France are familiar to diners worldwide: soy and beef.

Brazil is the world's largest exporter of beef, with a record 1.64 million tons sent to its top markets China, Egypt and the European Union in 2018, according to the Brazilian Beef Exporters Association.

Country - Production - Surge - Decades - Exports

The country has seen its production surge over the past two decades, with exports measured in both weight and value increasing by 10 times between 1997 and 2016, led by three behemoth companies: JBS, Minerva and Marfrig.

All this growth has come at the expense of the Amazon.

Cattle - Farming - Driver - Deforestation - Amazon

"Extensive cattle farming is the main driver of deforestation in the Amazon, with just over 65 percent of deforested land in the Amazon now being grazed," according to Romulo Batista, a researcher at Greenpeace.

Soybeans, a major cash crop for Brazil, were also once a major contributor to deforestation.

Crop - Rise - Cultivation

The crop saw a dramatic rise in cultivation in the 1970s, fueled by...
(Excerpt) Read more at: phys.org
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