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Two design students are changing how medicine is conducted in the UK by creating accurate models for use in training doctors for delicate procedures.
Lisa Ferrie and Renske Hoste, masters students at Glasgow School of Art and the University of Dundee, respectively, have made the models.
Ms - Ferrie - Kidney - Ms - Hoste
Ms Ferrie created a 3D printed kidney while Ms Hoste produced a virtual 3D model of the human lumbar region.
Their projects will change how doctors are trained for various surgeries, including lumbar punctures and kidney cancer.
Kidney - Model - Surgeons - Skills - Laparoscopic
The kidney model could help surgeons hone their skills in performing a robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy - a procedure that removes part of the kidney affected by a tumour.
Current training methods rely on virtual reality simulators and the use of cadavers and animals.
These are expensive and not widely available.
Miss Ferrie, a medical visualisation and human anatomy masters student, worked with medical experts to develop the model.
Incidence - Kidney - Cancer - UK - Surgeons
She said: 'There is an increasing incidence of kidney cancer within the UK and where possible surgeons will use a procedure known as a partial nephrectomy to treat it.
'The procedure removes only the part of the kidney affected by the tumour, which is done to preserve as much kidney function as possible while still removing the cancer.
Procedure - Surgeons
'This procedure is very technically challenging and can only be performed by a few very skilled surgeons.
'I have a background in medical sciences and have developed a passion for improving medical education, clinical practice and patient care through the application of technology.
Decision - Kidney - Cancer - Development
'The decision to focus on kidney cancer and the development of a surgical...
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