Explainer: What is the Brexit backstop alternative paper British PM praised?

U.S. | 8/22/2019 | Reuters Editorial
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DUBLIN (Reuters) - British Prime Minister Boris Johnson referred for the second successive day on Thursday to “an excellent paper” endorsed by pro-Brexit members of parliament proposing alternatives to replace the so-called Irish backstop.

Johnson wants to drop the backstop - an insurance policy to keep the border between British-run Northern Ireland and EU member Ireland open under all circumstances after Brexit - from the stalled divorce deal.

Rest - EU - Ireland - Backstop - Peace

The rest of the EU, including Ireland, say the backstop is crucial to maintaining peace on the island. In order to maintain the seamless border, it would keep the entire United Kingdom in a customs union with the EU “unless and until” alternative ways to achieve the same aim were found.

Below are the main points in the Alternative Arrangements Commission report Johnson praised ahead of meetings with French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel, and the response it received in Ireland and Northern Ireland.

Commission - Group - Year - Prosperity - UK

The commission is a non-governmental group set up earlier this year by Prosperity UK, a think tank established in the aftermath of the 2016 Brexit referendum that says its aim is to look constructively at the UK’s future outside the EU.

It is chaired by Greg Hands and Nicky Morgan, two lawmakers from Johnson’s Conservative Party who voted for Britain to remain in the EU but now support its withdrawal.

Panel - Academics - Trade - Advisers - Members

Alongside a technical panel of academics and trade advisers, its members include some of the most strident pro-Brexit members of parliament, many of whom are drawn from the European Research Group of Conservative MPs and Democratic Unionist Party (DUP).

The Commission’s interim report proposed what it described as a multi-layered approach of various measures that would harness “existing technologies and customs best practice” and “should” be fully up and running within three years.

Introduction - Trusted - Trader

They included the introduction of a tiered, mutually-recognized Trusted Trader...
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