Smoke from Burning Amazon Turns São Paulo Afternoon into Midnight

livescience.com | 8/20/2019 | Laura Geggel
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There's so much smoke from wildfires in the Amazon rainforest that São Paulo plunged into darkness on Monday afternoon (Aug. 19), with day turning into night.

The atmosphere, reminiscent of Mordor in "The Lord of the Rings," was a reminder that forest fires in the Amazon have surged 82% this year compared with the same period last year (from January to August), according to data from the Brazilian government's National Institute for Space Research (INPE), as reported by El Pais.

Clouds - Front - Winter - Southern - Hemisphere

That smoke, combined with clouds and a cold front (it's winter in the Southern Hemisphere), led to the midnight-like darkness in São Paulo, The Washington Post reported. The fires are largely burning in northern Brazil and have prompted the Brazilian state of Amazonas to declare a state of emergency.

"The smoke didn't come from fires in the state of São Paulo, but from very dense and wide fires that have been happening for several days in [the state of] Rondônia and [the bordering country] Bolivia," Josélia Pegorim, a meteorologist with Climatempo, said in an interview with Globo (translated from Portuguese with Google Translate). "The cold front changed direction, and its winds transported the smoke to São Paulo."

Rondônia - Fire - Bolivia - Acres - Hectares

The Rondônia fire, located near Bolivia, has burnt nearly 2,500 acres (1,000 hectares). This blaze's thick smoke is prompting health concerns and has already forced an airplane to be diverted due to visibility concerns, according to Painel Politico, a Brazilian publication. This fire is reportedly human-made, Painel Politico noted, which is fairly common for fires in Amazonia.

For much of the year, fires are rare in the Amazon. But during the drier months of July and August, "many people use fire to maintain farmland and pastures or to clear land for other purposes," NASA's Earth Observatory reported last week.

Huge - Areas - Amazon

Huge areas of the Amazon...
(Excerpt) Read more at: livescience.com
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