Physicists design an experiment to pin down the origin of the elements | 2/21/2019 | Staff (Posted by) Level 3
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Nearly all of the oxygen in our universe is forged in the bellies of massive stars like our sun. As these stars contract and burn, they set off thermonuclear reactions within their cores, where nuclei of carbon and helium can collide and fuse in a rare though essential nuclear reaction that generates much of the oxygen in the universe.

The rate of this oxygen-generating reaction has been incredibly tricky to pin down. But if researchers can get a good enough estimate of what's known as the "radiative capture reaction rate," they can begin to work out the answers to fundamental questions, such as the ratio of carbon to oxygen in the universe. An accurate rate might also help them determine whether an exploding star will settle into the form of a black hole or a neutron star.

MIT - Laboratory - Nuclear - Science - LNS

Now physicists at MIT's Laboratory for Nuclear Science (LNS) have come up with an experimental design that could help to nail down the rate of this oxygen-generating reaction. The approach requires a type of particle accelerator that is still under construction, in several locations around the world. Once up and running, such "multimegawatt" linear accelerators may provide just the right conditions to run the oxgen-generating reaction in reverse, as if turning back the clock of star formation.

The researchers say such an "inverse reaction" should give them an estimate of the reaction rate that actually occurs in stars, with higher accuracy than has previously been achieved.

Job - Description - Physicist - World - Oxygen

"The job description of a physicist is to understand the world, and right now, we don't quite understand where the oxygen in the universe comes from, and, how oxygen and carbon are made," says Richard Milner, professor of physics at MIT. "If we're right, this measurement will help us answer some of these important questions in nuclear physics regarding the origin...
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