Ultracold quantum particles break classical symmetry

phys.org | 7/31/2019 | Staff
Kota79Kota79 (Posted by) Level 4
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Many phenomena of the natural world evidence symmetries in their dynamic evolution which help researchers to better understand a system's inner mechanism. In quantum physics, however, these symmetries are not always achieved. In laboratory experiments with ultracold lithium atoms, researchers from the Center for Quantum Dynamics at Heidelberg University have proven for the first time the theoretically predicted deviation from classical symmetry. Their results were published in the journal Science.

"In the world of classical physics, the energy of an ideal gas rises proportionally with the pressure applied. This is a direct consequence of scale symmetry, and the same relation is true in every scale invariant system. In the world of quantum mechanics, however, the interactions between the quantum particles can become so strong that this classical scale symmetry no longer applies," explains Associate Professor Dr. Tilman Enss from the Institute for Theoretical Physics. His research group...
(Excerpt) Read more at: phys.org
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