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How is the racial composition of gentrifiers associated with retail development in gentrifying neighborhoods?
According to a study by University of Illinois at Chicago sociologist Mahesh Somashekhar, neighborhoods gentrified by blacks experienced significantly slower retail development compared with neighborhoods gentrified by whites.
Retail - Identity - Vitality - Places - People
"Retail is critical to neighborhood identity and vitality. The places where people shop, eat and pass their time are the building blocks of a strong local community," said Somashekhar, UIC assistant professor of sociology and the study's author. "When retail development disproportionately occurs in neighborhoods that are becoming whiter, the benefits of local retail for community development go to whites over other racial groups."
Using U.S. Census data and ReferenceUSA business directory listings in over 500 U.S. cities from 2000 and 2010, he found that white and black gentrifiers often moved into different sets of neighborhoods, and that gentrification did not always involve an influx of wealthy whites into non-white communities.
Areas - Whites - Neighborhoods - Terms - Growth
Areas gentrified by whites differed little from neighborhoods that did not gentrify in terms of overall retail growth. Yet the growth of "gentrification-oriented" retailers, such as art galleries, bars, upscale restaurants and coffee shops, was found to be consistently faster in neighborhoods gentrified by whites.
In comparison, both overall and "gentrification-oriented" retail development in neighborhoods gentrified by blacks was similar to and, in some cases, slower than retail development...
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