Is Enforcement In Mexico Reducing Illegal Immigration, Or Is It The Heat?

The Federalist | 7/19/2019 | John Daniel Davidson
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Acting Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan told a House panel Thursday that U.S. border authorities are encountering fewer large groups of migrants since Mexico began stepping up enforcement efforts at its southern border in June.

Large groups have been a persistent feature of the border crisis, with groups of hundreds—in one case, more than a thousand—of mostly Central American families showing up at Border Patrol stations, sometimes in remote areas, and turning themselves in.

June - Groups - Number - Border-crossers - Border

But ever since early June, these groups have become less frequent as the number of border-crossers has dropped. Border Patrol apprehended132,000 illegal immigrants in May compared to just 88,000 in June. That’s still a lot—more than double the number of arrests in June 2018—and does represent a substantial decrease.

McAleenan attributes the decrease in large groups, and the overall drop in numbers of illegal immigrants crossing the border, to Mexico’s enforcement efforts. “Since Mexico has started to do their interdiction operations, address the transportation networks on their highways, we have seen a dramatic drop.”

Mexico - Heat - Year - Decades - Number

But is Mexico, or the heat? Every year going back decades, the number of apprehensions on the southwest border has dropped from May to June as temperatures rise along the Rio Grande and crossing becomes more dangerous. Numbers tend to stay low through the hot months of July, August, and September.

The answer might be that’s it’s a little of both. The reason Border Patrol is seeing fewer large groups is because large groups are usually associated with migrant caravans, which have been specifically targeted by Mexican authorities because they’re easy, visible targets. Breaking up caravans and arresting leaders and organizers, which Mexican authorities began doing in early June as part of their efforts to avoid punitive tariffs from the Trump administration, made it seem like Mexico was taking concrete actions to stem the flow of migrants...
(Excerpt) Read more at: The Federalist
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