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Most nutritional supplements offer no protection against an early death, a major review has found.
Multivitamins, fish oil and antioxidants are among the products taken by millions of people which make no difference to mortality rates, experts found.
Team - Academics - West - Virginia - University
A team of academics at West Virginia University in the US analysed 277 trials, involving a combined 1 million people, to determine the effects of 16 different nutritional supplements and eight dietary interventions.
They found the majority made no difference to mortality or cardiovascular disease.
Percent - Adults - Vitamins - Supplements - Day
Some 34 percent of adults take vitamins and supplements every day - driving a market that has grown 6 percent in five years is now worth an annual $37 billion globally.
But experts are increasingly skeptical about the worth of the pills, with many pointing out that supplements do provide a short cut to a healthy diet and can never replace real food.
Researchers - Annals - Internal - Medicine - Journal
The researchers, writing in the Annals of Internal Medicine journal, found some supplements provided a degree of protection against specific health problems.
Folic acid, for example, showed some protection against stroke.
Acids - Fish - Oils - Heart - Attacks
And omega-3 fatty acids, which are present in fish oils, protected against heart attacks.
But they found multivitamins, selenium, vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin E, vitamin D and iron had no significant effect on either early death or cardiovascular disease.
Researchers - Interventions - Mediterranean - Diet - Vegetables
The researchers also found dietary interventions, such as the Mediterranean diet, rich in vegetables,...
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