A History of the Census Bureau's Birthplace and Citizenship Questions in One Table

CIS.org | 6/8/2018 | Staff
bab_ohhbab_ohh (Posted by) Level 3
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The Trump administration recently restored a citizenship question to the full decennial census, starting with the year 2020. When critics charged that the new question may reduce response rates, some confusion ensued as to when and how the Census Bureau has asked about citizenship in the past. The following table gives the history of both the citizenship and birthplace questions.

Birthplace? Citizenship?

Sample

but 1/6 sample only;

but 1/6 sample only;

Sources - Census - Bureau - America - September

Sources from Census Bureau: "Measuring America", September 2002; "Index of Questions"; "Census Bureau Submits Planned Questions for 2020 Census to Congress", March 29, 2018.

The annual American Community Survey (ACS) began in 2000. It covers approximately 3 percent of the U.S. population and is conducted separately from the decennial census.

Birthplace - Citizenship - Population - New - York

In 1960, birthplace and citizenship were asked of the entire population of New York and Puerto Rico. Because this is not a representative sample of the United States, the citizenship cell still gets an unqualified "No".

Traditionally, Census questionnaires have asked only for basic demographic information, since burdening everyone with a long set of questions would cost too much time and money. In the mid-twentieth century, the Census Bureau devised a way to obtain more detailed data in a cost-effective manner. It added supplemental questions...
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