Water, despite its central place in so many processes vital to life on Earth, remains a chemical mystery in many respects. One of those mysteries is the nature of water at the exact point where it comes into contact with air.
A study from the laboratories of Yale chemistry professor Mark Johnson and University of Washington chemistry professor Anne McCoy offers a new level of observation and analysis.
Measurement - Variations - Frequency - Complexity - Oxygen
They provide the first direct measurement of variations in frequency and complexity associated with bonded oxygen and hydrogen (OH) atoms perched on the surface of water—when one of the OH groups is sticking out of it. The researchers also offer the first measurement of how these OH groups are coupled together on the surface plane of water.
"Our work is really a fundamental science contribution. Its importance lies in the fact that elementary...