Texas Baby Born Without Skin: What Can Cause This Condition?

Live Science | 4/18/2019 | Staff
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A baby in Texas was born without skin on much of his body, according to news reports.

The boy, Ja'bari Gray, was born Jan. 1 in San Antonio and weighed only 3 lbs., according to the San Antonio Express-News. He lacks skin on much of his body, with the exception of his head and parts of his legs, and his eyelids are fused shut. Doctors have applied a protective dressing on his body, which needs to be changed frequently, as well as topical ointments to reduce infection risk, Express-News reported.

Doctors - Tests - Ja'bari - Diagnosis

Doctors are still doing tests to confirm Ja'bari's diagnosis.

It's quite rare for a baby to be born without skin, said Dr. Ana Duarte, director of the Division of Dermatology at Nicklaus Children's Hospital in Miami, who is not involved with Ja'bari's case.

Skin - Organ - Functions - Infection - Temperature

"The skin is our largest organ," and has many important functions, such as protecting us from infection and keeping body temperature regulated, Duarte said. "When you don't have a good barrier, especially as a baby, you can run into a lot of different problems."

There are several types of skin disorders that can cause babies to be born with fragile or missing skin.

Condition - Bullosa - Disorder - Skin - Blisters

One such condition is epidermolysis bullosa, a genetic disorder in which the skin is very fragile and blisters easily, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Blisters can form after minor injury or even friction, such as rubbing or scratching.

Technically, people with epidermolysis bullosa have skin, but "shearing forces cause skin to fall apart," Duarte told Live Science. "You actually have skin, but it just shears right off," meaning babies can appear to not have skin at birth, she said.

Severity - Condition - Lot - Type - Mutation

The severity of this condition can vary a lot, depending on the type of genetic mutation the patient has — some...
(Excerpt) Read more at: Live Science
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