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“John, I’m feeling depressed.”
In my line of work, I often hear those words. Having experienced major depression two decades ago, when someone tells me they’re feeling depressed, I wonder: Are they having a couple of bad days in a row—or are they dealing with depression for real?
World - Health - Organization - National - Institute
According to the World Health Organization, and the National Institute of Mental Health, here are some of the most common forms of depression:
Major depression is characterized by an overwhelming feeling of sadness or a loss of interest and pleasure in most usual activities. Other associated symptoms include decrease or increase in appetite, insomnia or hypersomnia, constant fatigue, feelings of worthlessness or excessive and inappropriate guilt, recurrent thoughts of death and/or suicide, and cognitive difficulties, such as diminished ability to think, concentrate and make decisions. Any combination of at least five of these symptoms persisting for two weeks or longer may indicate major depression.
Feature - PDD - Dark - Mood - Years
The essential feature of PDD is a low, dark or sad mood that is persistently present for at least two years. For the individual to receive the diagnosis of persistent depressive disorder they also have to be experiencing two of the following symptoms: poor appetite or overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy or fatigue, low self-esteem, poor concentration, difficulty making decisions, or feelings of hopelessness. The symptoms of PDD are not as severe as with major depression.
Endocrine and reproductive system disorders are commonly associated with depressive symptoms. For example, people with low levels of the thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism) often experience fatigue, weight gain, irritability, memory loss and low mood. When the hypothyroidism is treated it usually reduces the depression. Cushing’s syndrome is another hormonal disorder caused by high levels of the hormone cortisol which can also cause depressive symptoms.
People - SAD - Symptoms - Major - Depressive
People with SAD suffer the symptoms of a Major Depressive Disorder only during a...
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