Researchers worldwide are on the hunt for novel materials that can improve the performance of basic components required to develop organic electronics.
Now, a research team at Tokyo Tech's Department of Materials Science and Engineering including Tsuyoshi Michinobu and Yang Wang report a way of increasing the electron mobility of semiconducting polymers, which have previously proven difficult to optimize. Their high-performance material achieves an electron mobility of 7.16 cm2 V-1 s-1, representing more than a 40 percent increase over previous comparable results.
Study - Journal - Chemical - Society - Performance
In their study published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, they focused on enhancing the performance of materials known as n-type semiconducting polymers. These n-type (negative) materials are electron dominant, in contrast to p-type (positive) materials that are hole dominant. "As negatively-charged radicals are intrinsically unstable compared to those that are positively charged, producing stable n-type semiconducting polymers has been a major challenge in organic electronics," Michinobu explains.
The research therefore addresses both a fundamental challenge and a practical need. Wang notes that many organic solar cells, for example, are made from p-type semiconducting polymers and n-type fullerene derivatives. The drawback is that the latter are costly, difficult to synthesize and incompatible with flexible devices. "To overcome these disadvantages," he says, "high-performance n-type semiconducting polymers are highly desired to advance research on all-polymer solar cells."
Team - Method - Series - Poly - Derivatives
The team's method involved using a series of new poly(benzothiadiazole-naphthalenediimide) derivatives and fine-tuning the material's backbone conformation. This was made possible by the introduction of vinylene bridges capable of forming hydrogen bonds with neighboring fluorine and oxygen atoms....
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