Romans built public infrastructure to cope with the sudden influx of survivors from Pompeii

Mail Online | 2/28/2019 | Luke Andrews For Mailonline
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Ancient people from Pompeii caused a major refugee crisis when Vesuvius obliterated their city, burying it under several feet of ash.

An estimated 15,000 to 20,000 survivors poured into nearby settlements where they attempted to re-begin their lives, experts say.

Movements - Evidence - Road - Bath - Theatre

Their movements have been tracked through evidence of ancient road, bath and theatre building projects, and inscriptions of family names on tombs and ancient documents.

Dr Steven Tuck, from Miami University, has tried to build an image of their movements in his landmark paper to be published this spring in the journal Analecta Romana.

Family - Names - Pompeii - Herculaneum - Populations

'Tracing family names from Pompeii and Herculaneum in the populations of other cities after AD 80 (post-eruption) is how I found most of the survivors', he told MailOnline.

He found that many stayed in the area, settling at nearby Cumae, Naples, and Puteoli, while others moved to Ostia on the outskirts of Rome.

Decision - Dr - Tuck - Sign - Refugee

'The decision of where to resettle is probably personal,' said Dr Tuck, indicating that there's no sign of a refugee programme from the Roman government.

'It is most likely based on personal or economic networks.'

Sulpicius - Family - Dr - Tuck - Name

The Sulpicius family, who Dr Tuck identified through their unique name, moved to Cumae after the eruption as they already had property there.

They’re recorded at Pompeii by a strongbox that contained their financial records, and then again in Cumae, on a tomb.

Woman - Vettia - Sabina - Naples - Pompeii

A woman, Vettia Sabina, settled in Naples after she lost her Pompeii home. On her tomb is the word ‘have’, meaning ‘Welcome’ in the Oscan dialect spoken in Pompeii when the Romans took over.

A third person, Cornelius Fuscus, is placed in Romania after the eruption by an inscribed...
(Excerpt) Read more at: Mail Online
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