New insight into river flows and sediment transport under ice cover

phys.org | 2/20/2019 | Staff
TaylorShaye (Posted by) Level 3
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The ice‐covered season plays an important role in the development of river channels, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The spatial variability of sediment transport and differences in depositional and erosional locations increase in ice‐covered conditions. The greatest erosional forces are located in the shallow sections of the river in both open‐channel and ice‐covered conditions. However, ice cover narrowed the flow area. The findings were published in Earth Surface Processes and Landforms.

"In subarctic regions, the ice-covered flow season lasts up to eight months of the year, and this is something that should be taken into consideration when analysing sediment transport in rivers. Yet, this has very rarely been the case," says Dr. Eliisa Lotsari from the University of Eastern Finland.

Researchers - University - Eastern - Finland - University

Researchers at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Turku simulated the ice‐covered flow in a meandering subarctic river, the Pulmanki River, in northern Finland. Using hydrodynamic 2-D modelling, the researchers explored spatial variation in flow characteristics and the erosion and sedimentation potential of the ice‐covered flow compared to open‐channel...
(Excerpt) Read more at: phys.org
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