This permanent 'immunological scarring' lays the foundation for the disease to progress and could have long-term implications for gut health in affected patients.
The results also suggest that the same process could be contributing to other chronic intestinal disorders, such as ulcerative colitis.
Dr - James - McLaren - Cardiff - University
Dr James McLaren, from Cardiff University's School of Medicine, said: "In celiac disease, T cells found in the bowel react to gluten and cause inflammation, which damages the lining of the bowel.
"Under normal circumstances, T cells have a protective role in the bowel and form a stable population....
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