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High school remains a cruel place for many teenagers – but some things do change, including the divisions and differences that teens use to define themselves and their peers.
While many of the popular high school cliques at the top of the modern social hierarchy remain the same, those at the bottom have shifted considerably compared to prior generations, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago in partnership with the University of Texas at Austin.
Top - Pyramid - Groups - 'populars - 'jocks
The top of the social pyramid still includes groups labeled as the 'populars,' 'jocks,' 'floaters' and 'good-ats,' according to the study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Research.
In the middle, researchers found the 'fine arts' kids, who have risen in popularity compared with past studies, as well as the 'brains,' 'normals' and 'druggies/stoners.'
Bottom - Hierarchy - 'emo/goths - Fans - 'loners
At the bottom of the social hierarchy are 'emo/goths,' 'anime/manga' fans and 'loners.'
While loners have always been around, the emo/goth and particularly 'anime/manga' crowds are newer additions to the crowd.
Evolutions - Groups - Rachel - Gordon - DailyMail
'We see those as evolutions of prior groups,' lead researcher Rachel Gordon told DailyMail.com. 'The anime/manga (group) is similar to our past geeks, really geeking out on something they love.'
She attributes those and other shifts to overall changes in demographics, cultural influences and the increasing number of students heading to college.
Researchers - Status - Cliques - Generations - Groups
Researchers also found that the high social status cliques persevered over the generations, while groups with low social status tended to adapt to modern times – hence the steadfast 'populars' and 'jocks' versus the newer 'anime/manga' crowd.
In addition, students tended to attribute positive characteristics (like getting good grades and participating in extracurricular activities) to the populars and jocks, despite viewing those groups negatively for their tendencies to party and bully others.
Technology - Role - Example - Students - Instagram
Technology has also played a role. For example, popular students were viewed as those who have the most Instagram...
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