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New research from The University of Queensland has found non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals can significantly promote the spread of antibiotic resistance via bacterial mating.
A study led by Dr Jianhua Guo from UQ's Advanced Water Management Centre said while antibiotics were known to promote antibiotic resistance, it wasn't known if non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals could also increase bacterial conjugation.
Conjugation - Exchange - Material - Cells - Contact
"Bacterial conjugation is the exchange of genetic material between bacterial cells by direct cell-to-cell contact or by a bridge-like connection between two cells," he said.
"It's believed bacterial conjugation, or bacterial mating, is one of the major pathways to the spread of antibiotic-resistant genes.
Pharmaceuticals - Carbamazepine - Prescription - Drug - Epilepsy
"Recently, we started wondering if non-antibiotic pharmaceuticals such as carbamazepine – a prescription drug used to treat epilepsy and neuropathic pain – can accelerate the transmission of antibiotic resistance through bacterial conjugation."
More than 1,000 tons of carbamazepine is consumed worldwide each year.
Environments - Years - Resistance - Biodegradation
It can accumulate and remain in various environments for years because of its resistance to biodegradation.
UQ PhD student Yue Wang said the research found...
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Why do democrats never have to face the reality of what's on the ground, like 2000 years of marriage.