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A rare state of matter in which atoms are chilled to within a billionth of a degree of -273.15°C (-459.67°F) has been produced in space.
This Bose-Einstein condensate was created for six minutes in microgravity on-board a rocket before it fell back to Earth.
Matter - Object - Universe - Brief - Lifespan
It is believed that the matter was the coldest object in the universe during its brief lifespan.
Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) were predicted in 1924–1925 by Satyendra Nath Bose and Albert Einstein but the technology required to create them is only just emerging.
Temperatures - Atoms - Energy - Mass
They require temperatures to drop to absolute zero before they form and the atoms have so little energy they stop moving independently and combine into a large mass.
Scientists conducted 110 experiments in the six-minute window and believe the condensate could be used to make highly responsive sensors to measure phenomena such as gravitational waves.
Space - Agency - DLR - Tests - January
The German space agency DLR carried out the tests in January last year on the MAIUS 1 rocket, beating Nasa's Cold Atom Laboratory who have also...
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