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Eating a Mediterranean diet with plenty of fish, fruit, vegetables and nuts lowers a person's risk of depression.
A review of dozens of studies found pescatarians who eat lots of plant-based foods are a third less likely to develop the mental-health condition.
Researchers - Today - Evidence - Relationship - Quality
Researchers today described the evidence to show there is a relationship between the quality of diet and mental health as 'compelling'.
Mediterranean diets, also rich in olive oil, lentils and even red wine, are thought to lower inflammation, which may benefit a person's mental health.
University - College - London - Researchers - Studies
The University College London researchers analysed 41 studies that investigated the link between a person's diet and their risk of depression.
Four of the studies specifically assessed the association between a traditional Mediterranean diet and depression in a total of 36,556 adults.
Results - Mediterranean - Diet - Cent - Depression
Results suggest those who most strictly follow a Mediterranean diet are 33 per cent less likely to suffer from depression than those who adhere to it the least.
'There is compelling evidence to show that there is a relationship between the quality of your diet and your mental health,' Dr Lassale said.
Relationship - Effect - Diet - Body - Size
'This relationship goes beyond the effect of diet on your body size or other aspects of health that can in turn affect your mood.'
The scientists also looked at five studies investigating the link between a poor diet and depression in 32,908 adults from France, Australia, Spain, the US and the UK.
Study - Today - Journal - Molecular - Psychiatry
Their study, published today in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, found eating lots of saturated fat, sugar and processed food increases a person's depression risk.
Dr Lassale and colleagues now recommend people avoid inflammatory foods in favour of fruits, vegetables, lentils, chickpeas, fish, olive oil and nuts.
Diet - Inflammation - Risk - Depression
'A pro-inflammatory diet can induce systemic inflammation, and this can directly increase the risk for depression,' she said.
'There is also emerging evidence that shows that the relationship...
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