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NATO shifted its focus to other issues outside of Europe in the years after the Cold War.
But the alliance has in recent years refocused on deterring Russia, which has modernized its military and is more active around the world.
Alliance - Threats - Tactics - Secretary - General
The alliance is now challenged by both conventional threats and irregular tactics, Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said this month.
New security challenges in Europe require new responses and more vigilance from NATO, according to Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg, who said this month that the lines between conflict and competition are becoming less distinct.
NATO - Countries - Defense - Aggression - Europe
NATO was formed by European and North American countries in 1949 to provide collective defense against Soviet aggression and to help rebuild and integrate Europe. When West Germany joined in 1955, the Soviet Union and several of its satellite states formed the Warsaw Pact.
In the years after the Soviet Union's collapse, NATO's attention shifted to other issues and other regions, but since Russia's annexation of Crimea and incursion in Ukraine in 2014, the alliance has refocused on security and deterrence in Europe.
Stoltenberg - Threat - Attack - NATO - Ally
Stoltenberg stressed that he did not see "any imminent threat" of conventional military attack "against any NATO ally from Russia or any other adversary."
"But we see Russia, which has modernized its armed forces and used military force against neighbors, Ukraine," Stoltenberg said on a recent edition of the Defense One Radio podcast.
Nothing - Ukraine - NATO - Presence - Part
"To make sure that nothing similar to what happened to Ukraine in 2014 could happen to any NATO ally, we have increased our military presence in the eastern part of the alliance," he added, referring to multinational battle groups deployed to Poland and the Baltic states, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
"We have ... combat-ready battle groups in the eastern part of the alliance, in the Baltic countries and Poland, for the first time in NATO's history to send a very...
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