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Humans have a unique 'brainprint' that doesn't change throughout our life, researchers have found.
Known as a 'functional fingerprint', it could help identify people, and can even tell if people are related - and distinguish between twins.
Mystery - Diseases - ADHD - Autism
It could also unlock the mystery of diseases such as ADHD and autism.
'Similar to DNA, specific brain systems and connectivity patterns are passed down from adults to their children,' said Damien Fair of the Oregon Health & Science University following a 2017 study.
'This - Aspects - Brain - Activity - Development
'This is significant because it may help us to better characterize aspects of altered brain activity, development or disease.'
Using two data sets of functional MRI brain scans from more than 350 adult and child siblings during resting state, Fair and colleagues applied an innovative technique to characterize functional connectivity and machine learning to successfully identify siblings based on their connectotype.
Study - Percent - Connectome - Individual
In a more recent study, they found just 30 percent of the connectome is unique to the individual.
Through a similar process, the team also distinguished individual sibling and twin pairs from unrelated pairs in both children and adults.
Individual - Aspects - Family - Connectome - Development
'This confirms that while unique to each individual, some aspects of the family connectome are inherited and maintained throughout development and may be useful as early biomarkers of mental or neurological conditions,' said lead author Oscar Miranda-Dominguez, Ph.D., research assistant professor of behavioral...
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