This is the first report from World Trade Center-Heart, a study investigating the association between the September 11 attack and cardiovascular outcomes among blue-collar workers involved in debris clearance.
"Even though there is evidence, PTSD is not considered as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, this study provides for the first time the evidence that PTSD is of the same magnitude for stroke and heart attack in men and women," said Alfredo Morabia, M.D., Ph.D., study senior author and professor of epidemiology at City University of New York and Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health in New York.
PTSD - Condition - Episodes - Avoidance - Triggers
PTSD is a psychological condition hallmarked by re-experiencing traumatic episodes, avoidance of triggers, hyperarousal and negative mood.
The World Trade Center-Heart study includes 6,841 non-firefighter workers and untrained volunteers (82.8 percent men, average age 51) -- including staff from the medical examiner's office who processed human remains and the Port-Authority Trans-Hudson Corporation and others who were engaged in the cleanup, recovery, service restoration and other tasks in the months following the attack.
Researchers - Prevalence - PTSD - Percent - Men
Researchers found that prevalence of PTSD was about 20 percent among men and 26 percent among women -- at least twice that of the general population. Incidence of heart attack or stroke was 2.35 times higher for those with PTSD.
Researchers collected baseline mental health; blood pressure, cholesterol, whether participants began working on or after September 11, 2001; the proximity of their location to the...
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