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In the first update to its Gang Book in six years, the Chicago Crime Commission says gangs have shifted from strong centralized structures into thousands of smaller factions, and embraced social media.
The commission’s new 400-page edition of the book, published Tuesday, “profiles the most prominent gangs and their leaders, explores the rise in the number of gang factions, the roles that social media and drill rap play in fanning the flames of gang violence, the role of girls in gangs, suburban gang activity, the intersection of gangs, cartels and drugs as well as gun trafficking,” the commission said in a press release.
Causes - Rise - Factions - CCC - Chairman
Several causes are behind the rise in smaller factions, according to CCC Chairman and President J.R. Davis, who pointed to both legal issues (like the arrests of gang leaders) and societal factors (such as gentrification and the dismantling of public housing) as reasons for the shift.
But with that change has come an “increasingly violent block-by-block gang set,” Davis said, in which members of the same general gang turn into vicious rivals who feud over both turf and drug markets.
Chain-of-command - Members - Factions - Leaders - Statement
“Without a chain-of-command, street-level members establish their own factions and become their own leaders,” he said in a statement.
Another shift the Gang Book highlighted is a...
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