Reading the Prophets With The New Testament (2)

The Heidelblog | 6/12/2018 | Staff
TimHyuga (Posted by) Level 3
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In part 1 we considered the nature of hermeneutics generally, the genre of prophetic literature, and how the New Testament authors interpret the OT prophets by focusing on the way the NT interprets Jeremiah 31:31–33. Here we will consider a second example, namely the way the NT interprets Joel 2 and especially 2:28–32 as interpreted by the Apostle Peter in Acts 2:17–21.

There is much about Joel the Prophet and the setting of the book that we do not know. Scholars are divided about the date. It appears to be oriented to Judah and Jerusalem. He seems to have some knowledge of the temple. We can, however, see a clear structure in the book: 1:2–2:11 is law, i.e., the announcement of the demand of God’s law for perfect righteousness and the prosecution of sin in light of that law. The second part, 2:12–3:21, is gospel, i.e., the announcement of the good news of the coming gracious salvation of God’s people by grace alone, through faith alone, in the Messiah.1 The passage on which we intend to focus is in the gospel section of Joel’s prophecy.

God - People - Repentance - Faith - Calvin

God is calling his people to genuine repentance and faith. He demands what Calvin suggested were extraordinary signs of repentance, fasting, weeping, and wailing. Hence Joel says, “rend your hearts and not your garments” (v. 13). The basis of his calls to repentance and his sincere invitation is Yahweh’s undeserved favor: “for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love; and he relents over disaster” (v.13; ESV). Through his prophet Joel, Yahweh calls for a fast and solemn assembly (‏קָהָל) of the covenant people (v. 16). He calls the priests, the ministers of Yahweh weep and intercede for the people (v. 17).

Then Yahweh answers their prayers and promises the very things they...
(Excerpt) Read more at: The Heidelblog
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